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How to clip dog's nails

How to clip dog's nails - Dogs Skin Care and Grooming Articles

How to clip dog's nails : Dogs Skin Care and Grooming Articles; Nail trimming is an important part of a regular grooming routine. If your dogís nails get too long, they can break, which is painful and sometimes results in infection. Long nails can also cause an irregular gait that leads to skeletal damage. Despite its importance, many people canít or donít ... How to clip dog's nails


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How to clip dog's nails

How to clip dog's nails

Nail trimming is an important part of a regular grooming routine. If your dogís nails get too long, they can break, which is painful and sometimes results in infection. Long nails can also cause an irregular gait that leads to skeletal damage.
Despite its importance, many people canít or donít like to trim their dogís nails. Itís a task that can make both people and dogs anxious. How do you know exactly where to cut the nail? What if you trim the nail too close and cut the sensitive quick? What if your dog seems worried? Although it can seem daunting, if you keep a few guidelines in mind and maintain a consistent schedule, nail trimming doesnít have to become a stressful chore.


Different Types of Nail Trimmers :
How to clip dog's nailsThere are several styles of nail trimmers, the most common are guillotine type and a scissors type.
The guillotine trimmer has a stationary hole where the nail goes through and a blade that moves up to cut the nail when you squeeze the handles of the trimmer. The scissors type works just like a pair of scissors. You open them and put the tip of your dogís nail between the blades to trim it. Visit a pet store to look at both styles of trimmers and then choose whichever you feel most comfortable with.


How to clip dog's nails............How to clip dog's nails


How to Trim Your Dogís Nails


1-Preparing Your Dog
If youíve never trimmed your dogís nails before, spend a few days getting him used to having his feet handled first.
  • Pick up one of your dogís paws and gently touch his toes and nails for a few seconds.
  • Release his paw and immediately give him something delicious, like a small piece of cheese or chicken.
  • Repeat steps one and two for a couple of minutes.
After a day or two of practicing steps 1 to 3, if your dog seems comfortable with you touching his paws and nails, get out the nail clippers and move on to step four:
  • Pick up your dogís paw and touch the clippers to one of his nails. (Donít actually trim the nail yet.)
  • Immediately feed your dog a treat.
  • Repeat steps four and five for several minutes.


2-Getting Started
After another day or two of practicing steps 4 to 6, as long as your dog still seems relaxed when you handle his paws, try trimming a nail or two. Start your nail-trimming session when your dog is sleepy or well-exercised. Remember to give your dog a tasty treat after trimming each nail.


How to Trim ?How to clip dog's nails
Get some treats and your clippers, and take your dog to a quiet area. Keep a clotting powder, such as Kwik Stopģ Styptic Powder, close at hand when you trim your dogís nails so that you can quickly stop the bleeding if you accidentally cut the quick. Choose a nail to trim. Take your dogís toe and hold it firmly but gently between your fingers. If youíre using a scissors-type trimmer, hold them at a right angle to the nail with the tip of the nail between the blades. Quickly squeeze the handles to close the scissors and cut the nail. If youíre using a guillotine-type trimmer, insert the tip of your dogís nail into the hole, holding the trimmer perpendicular to the nail so that you cut from top to bottom, not side to side. To be absolutely sure of where youíre cutting, you can face the cutting blade toward you rather than your dog.

How to clip dog's nailsTo produce a cleaner cut, you can face the cutting blade toward your dog, but you wonít be able to see exactly where the blade will make contact with the nail. Choose whichever orientation makes you most comfortable. When youíve positioned the trimmer in the right place, squeeze the handles to cut through your dogís nail.






Where to Trim ?How to clip dog's nails
Knowing where to trim a nail takes some skill. If your dog has clear nails, you can see the live quick, which looks pink. Cut the nail no closer than about two millimeters from the quick. If you cut into the quick, the claw will bleed and the dog will experience pain.
The handles of the trimmer can be held pointing toward the floor (cutting the nail from bottom to top) or the handles of the trimmer can be held pointed towards the ceiling (cutting the nail from top to bottom); which ever is more comfortable in your hands.
The tip of the nail is placed in the stationary ring in the trimmer with the clipper perpendicular to the nail (cutting either top to bottom or bottom to top). If the trimmer is placed parallel to the nail (cutting from side to side), the nail is crushed and may splinter.
The cutting blade should be facing you, NOT the dog. The screws on the handle of the trimmer should be facing the dog.
If you turn the trimmer around with the screws toward you, the cutting blade is cutting closer to the quick than if the trimmer is held with the cutting blade toward you. You are less likely to cut into the quick if the cutting blade faces you.


How to clip dog's nails If your dog has dark nails, you can avoid cutting into the quick by trimming one little sliver of nail at a time, starting with the tip. As you cut slices off your dogís nail, look at the exposed edge of the cut nail.Try to cut dark colored claws in several small cuts to reduce the chance of cutting into the quick. As you cut off small pieces of the nail, look at the cut edge of the nail.




How to clip dog's nailsThe light tissue (1) is the curved bottom part of the nail. The mottled light and dark tissue (2) is the top part of the nail.
Another option with black nails is to have an assistant use a flashlight to back-light each of your dogís nails while you trim. The light from behind the nail allows you to clearly see the pink quick.



As you cut the nail deeper, you will see a homogeneous gray to pink oval (3) starting to appear at the top of the cut surface of the nail. Stop cutting the nail at this point as additional cutting will cut into the quick.How to clip dog's nails The sharper the trimmer, the cleaner the cut. The cutting blade on guillotine-style cutters can be replaced when it is no longer sharp.
You can file the end of the nail to smooth the cut surface.





Donít forget to trim your dogís dewclaws as well. Most dogs just have dewclaws on their front legs, but some dogs have one, and sometimes even two, sets of dewclaws on their rear legs. If your dog doesnít have dewclaws on his front legs, he had them surgically removed earlier in his life.


As long as your dog doesnít seem upset when you trim a nail or two, you can continue to trim nails over the next few days until youíve trimmed them all. Trim two or three at a time, always delivering a treat after trimming each nail. The next time your dogís nails need trimming, you can try trimming more nails per sitting. Eventually, youíll be able to trim all of his nails at one time. To make sure your dog continues to feel comfortable with nail trimming, keep delivering treats during and right after trimming time.


TIPs and FAQs :

1-What if You Make a Mistake ?
If you do trim your dogís nail too short and cut the quick, which contains live blood vessels, the nail will bleed and your dog will likely yelp and pull away. The bleeding can be profuse and long lasting. Stay calm, talk in a soothing voice and immediately feed your dog a bunch of tasty treats. Then apply your clotting powder directly to the exposed bleeding edge to stop the bleeding. Then stop the trimming session and try again in a day or so.
Cutting the nail this short would cause bleeding. If you look closely, you can see that the quick, where the nail is pink, is too close to the blade of the clippers.


2-What if Your Dog Seems Upset ?
Some dogs show fearful or aggressive behavior when their pet parents attempt to trim their nails. Watch carefully for signs of distress, such as panting, drooling, trembling, jerking his paw away, trying to escape or hide, whining, freezing, crouching or cowering, tucking the tail, growling, snarling, showing teeth, snapping or biting. If you notice any of these signs, please see our article called Fear of Nail Trimming. If your dog is aggressive, youíll need help from a qualified professional, such as a Certified Applied Animal Behaviorist (CAAB) or a veterinary behaviorist (Dip ACVB). If you canít find one of these professionals in your area, you may be able to find a Certified Professional Dog Trainer (CPDT). If you elect to hire a CPDT, be sure to determine whether she or he has professional training and experience in treating fear and aggression as this treatment is beyond what CPDT certification requires. Please read our article Finding Professional Help for information about locating an expert near you.

3-Should You Take Your Dog to the Vet for Trimming ?
Some people prefer to take their dogs to the veterinary clinic for nail trimming because they donít have the time, tools or experience to properly trim nails themselves. As long as you remind the veterinary staff not to cut your dogís nails too short, this option might work well for you and your dog. However, keep in mind that the veterinary environment can cause many dogs significant anxiety. If you take your dog to the vet for nail trimming, watch for signs of distress, such as trembling, panting, drooling, trying to escape or hide, crouching, cowering or whimpering. If you see any of these signs, ask a vet to show you how to trim your dogís nails so you can do it yourself at home to spare your dog unnecessary anxiety.

4-Are there any alternatives to dog trimming ?
Instead of trimming their dogsí nails, some people use a special tool, such as a Dremel, to grind them down. Because this kind of tool sands the nail, much like an emory board youíd use to file your own nails, you can avoid sharp edges and split nails, which are two disadvantages of using clippers.
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  • Do not physically punish or yell at your dog if he resists nail trimming. Doing this will only make him feel worse about the activity, and it will probably worsen his behavior.
  • Do not force your dog to submit to nail trimming if heís obviously frightened. Refer to our article, Fear of Nail Trimming, or contact a professional behavior expert for help instead. (See our article Finding Professional Help to locate a qualified professional in your area.)


This information is provided for learning purposes and is not meant to be a substitute for veterinary care. Always follow the instructions provided by your veterinarian.

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Sources :
- vetmed.wsu.edu
- aspca.org

How to clip dog's nails

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