Skin fold pyoderma is very common in dogs. Its an unflammatory condition that occurs at sites of skin folds.
Folds in the skin create a moist environment that favors the growth of bacteria. Infection of the skin folds is relatively common in dogs, especially in wrinkly breeds such as the bulldog, Shar Pei
, and pug. Obese dogs are also at greater risk of pyoderma because of the folds produced by excess fat. The skin folds around the face, lips, groin, armpit, and mammary glands are often involved. Diagnosis:
Anatomic defects at certain body sites predispose to intertrigo (Skin fold pyoderma). Areas Prone to skin fold dermatitis are : Face, Vulva, Lips, Body and Tail fold.
The presence of yeast or bacteria should be determined from the token samples of affected sites. Skin scrapings and tape strips or impressions smears should rule out infection with Demodex canis and M. pachydermatis , respectively.
The infected skin folds appear moist and red. Pustules may develop and discharge a thick, whitish material. The infected skin may have a foul odor. Dogs with pyoderma may lick or scratch at affected areas. Diagnosis is based on physical examination.
In mild cases, the hair is usually clipped and the area cleaned with a mild soap. Topical preparations containing antibiotics and often corticosteroids are used to provide local relief. In more severe infections, oral antibiotics and other medications may be needed.
Management and Treatment:
Clipping the hair, cleaning with benzoil shampoos , drying and application of a steroid antibiotic or antifungal cream. Surgical ablation of the anatomic defect offers the only permanent cure.
Skin-fold infections frequently recur, and diligent home care is the best defense against future problems. Skin folds should be inspected regularly, and these areas must be kept clean and dry. Your veterinarian can recommend a cleaner that can be used on a routine basis. Weight loss can play an important role in overweight pets. Differential Diagnosis:
Similar diseases to intertrigo are : Atopic dermatitis, demodicosis, Malassezia pachydermatis infection, epitheliotropic lymphoma. Prevention:
To help keep your pet free of skin fold dermatitis, watch your petís weight, and carefully clean the skin folds regularly; be sure to used products that are approved for pets and (if facial folds are present) are safe to use around the eyes and face. Also, work with your vet
on treating any skin conditions.
1-Clinical medicine of Dog and Cat - Michael Schaer.(Page16).
2- Images from google
|Breed Group Non-Sporting |
Weight 45-60 lbs
Height 18-20 inches
Colors any solid color including sable