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Umbilical Hernia in Dogs, Symptoms , Diagnosis and Treatment

Umbilical Hernia in Dogs, Symptoms , Diagnosis and Treatment - Dogs Health care Articles

Umbilical Hernia in Dogs, Symptoms , Diagnosis and Treatment : Dogs Health care Articles; Umbilical Hernia Overview : " src="http://gallery2.vetarena.net/image-998.s.jpg" />Dogs can get hernias, just as people can. Dogs can be born with them, or they can be the result of an injury or trauma . An umbilical hernia is an opening in the muscle wall in the place where the umbilicus (belly button) ... Umbilical Hernia in Dogs, Symptoms , Diagnosis and Treatment


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Umbilical Hernia in Dogs, Symptoms , Diagnosis and Treatment

Umbilical Hernia in Dogs, Symptoms , Diagnosis and Treatment

Umbilical Hernia Overview :


Umbilical Hernia in Dogs, Symptoms , Diagnosis and TreatmentDogs can get hernias, just as people can. Dogs can be born with them, or they can be the result of an injury or trauma . An umbilical hernia is an opening in the muscle wall in the place where the umbilicus (belly button) is located (just below the ribcage).
The hernia allows the abdominal contents protrude through the abdominal wall at the area of the umbilicus.

Umbilical Hernia Symptoms :


Symptoms of common Umbilical Hernia may include :
  • Soft abdominal mass at area of umbilicus
  • Coughing
  • Lack of appetite (Anorexia)
  • Drooling
  • Shortness of breath
  • Vomiting
  • Abdominal discomfort or pain
  • Depression
Umbilical Hernia in Dogs, Symptoms , Diagnosis and TreatmentIn acute conditions hernia may restrict or completely cut off the blood supply to the herniated area. This condition is referred to strangulated hernia and the herniated tissue may die or cause dire conditions.

In such conditions symptoms may include :
  • Excessive swelling of the hernia
  • Fever
  • Lethargy
  • Obvious severe pain
  • Refusal to eat, or vomiting after eating
  • Abscess forms at the site

Umbilical Hernia Diagnosis :


Definitive diagnosis of an umbilical hernia is by physical examination. Generally the contents of the hernia sack can be displaced back into the abdomen. This allows your veterinarian to determine the size of the hernia opening. The size of the hernia that is of most concern is that size which is similar to an intestinal loop. This size has the risk of allowing a loop of intestine to drop into the hernia and become trapped causing a life- threatening "strangulation". Hernias that are smaller, thus too small for a loop to enter, or larger, in which loops can freely come and go, are at lower risk for potential strangulation.

Occasionally, radiographs with contrast material may be used to diagnose strangulated hernias.

Abdominal ultrasound may be used to determine the size and contents of the hernia in some cases.

Umbilical Hernia Treatment :


Treatment of an umbilical hernia involves surgical correction of the opening and replacement of abdominal contents if necessary. Some small umbilical hernias may close spontaneously in young animals. Spontaneous closure may occur up to 6 months of age.

Some small umbilical hernias may not be repaired and pets may live their entire lives with them without any problem.

Larger hernias should be repaired. This repair is commonly performed at the time of the spay or neuter surgery since the pet will be already anesthetized. The surgery consists of manually reducing the contents of the hernia into the abdomen followed by the surgeon making an incision over the hernial sac. The border tissue of the hernia is removed and the abdominal wall is closed. This surgery is fairly routine. The location of the surgery for an umbilical hernia is very close to the location in which an incision is made in the body wall for a "spay" procedure in a female. For this reason, most all umbilical hernias, regardless of size, may be repaired at the same time as the spay in female pets.

Umbilical Hernia Prognosis :


The prognosis is excellent following surgical correction. Few puppies experience recurrence of the hernia and few complications are reported with the procedure.

Umbilical Hernia Prevention :


Since many umbilical hernias are hereditary, pets with these hernias should not be bred.
On the other hand some hernias are either congenital or occur as a result of an injury or other health-related issue.
Spaying or neutering your dog can have the greatest impact on preventing several types of hernias. Additionally, many hernia repairs can take place when your dog is spayed or neutered.

Umbilical Hernia Home Care :


Take your dog to the veterinarian if he has a history of a hernia and if the hernia appears larger, the abdomen is painful or your pet is vomiting, depressed or not eating. These signs can be a medical emergency.

If surgical management is done, watch for potential complications after surgery, including:
  • Incision problems such as redness, swelling or discharge
  • Recurrence of swelling



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    Sources :
    - Some images are taken from Google
    - Some Parts are taken from pethealthnetwork.com
    - Some content are taken from petplace.com


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