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Compelete Information on Spaying or Neutering Dogs

Compelete Information on Spaying or Neutering Dogs - Dogs Health care Articles

Compelete Information on Spaying or Neutering Dogs : Dogs Health care Articles; " src="http://gallery2.vetarena.net/image-857.s.jpg" />There are many different experiences and opinions about spaying or neutering dogs, and Vets have different opinions about it. Based on these experiences there are some advantages and some disadvantages about spaying or neutering dogs. - Female Dogs (Bitches) : Normal 0 false false false oNotPromoteQF/> EN-US X-NONE ... Compelete Information on Spaying or Neutering Dogs


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Compelete Information on Spaying or Neutering Dogs

Compelete Information on Spaying or Neutering Dogs

Compelete Information on Spaying or Neutering DogsThere are many different experiences and opinions about spaying or neutering dogs, and Vets have different opinions about it.

Based on these experiences there are some advantages and some disadvantages about spaying or neutering dogs.



- Female Dogs (Bitches) :
The number of health benefits associated with spaying may exceed the associated health problems in some (not all) cases. On balance, whether spaying improves the odds of overall good health or degrades them probably depends on the age of the female dog and the relative risk of various diseases in the different breeds.

Advantages :
  • Prevents the bitch from breeding and producing unwanted puppies.
  • Prevents your bitch coming into season and all of the inconvenience that this causes eg blood loss and unwanted attention from male dogs
  • if done before 2.5 years of age, greatly reduces the risk of mammary tumors, the most common malignant tumors in female dogs
  • nearly eliminates the risk of pyometra, which otherwise would affect about 23% of intact female dogs; pyometra kills about 1% of intact female dogs
  • reduces the risk of perianal fistulas
  • removes the very small risk (≤0.5%) from uterine, cervical, and ovarian tumors
Disadvantages :

  • Spaying is a surgical procedure, and as with all surgical procedures there is a very small risk from the anaesthetic and the surgery. However, this risk is far smaller than it used to be with the advent of new anaesthetics and surgical techniques.
  • if done before 1 year of age, significantly increases the risk of osteosarcoma (bone cancer); this is a common cancer in larger breeds with a poor prognosis
  • possibly increases the risk of splenic hemangiosarcoma by a factor of 2.2 and cardiac hemangiosarcoma by a factor of >5; this is a common cancer and major cause of death in some breeds
  • possibly triples the risk of hypothyroidism
  • causes urinary “spay incontinence” in 4-20% of female dogs
  • possibly incontinenceincreases the risk of persistent or recurring urinary tract infections by a factor of 3-4
  • possibly increases the risk of recessed vulva, vaginal dermatitis, and vaginitis, especially for female dogs spayed before puberty
  • possibly increases the risk of orthopedic disorders
- Male Dogs :
On balance, it appears that no compelling case can be made for neutering most male dogs, especially immature male dogs, in order to prevent future health problems. The number of health problems associated with neutering may exceed the associated health benefits in most cases.


Advantages :
  • Prevents dog from breeding and producing unwanted puppies.Compelete Information on Spaying or Neutering Dogs
  • Prevents a lot of unwanted breeding related behaviour eg. escaping, mating inappropriate objects although in older dogs this behaviour has sometimes become a habit and does not resolve with castration.
  • eliminates the small risk (probably <1%) of dying from testicular cancer
  • reduces the risk of non-cancerous prostate disorders
  • reduces the risk of perianal fistulas
  • may possibly reduce the risk of diabetes
Disadvantages :
  • if done before 1 year of age, possibly increases the risk of osteosarcoma (bone cancer); this is a common cancer in medium/large and larger breeds with a poor prognosis.
  • possibly increases the risk of cardiac hemangiosarcoma by a factor of 1.6
  • possibly triples the risk of hypothyroidism
  • possibly increases the risk of progressive geriatric cognitive impairment
  • possibly triples the risk of obesity, a common health problem in dogs with many associated health problems
  • possibly increases the risk of orthopedic disorders


One thing is clear – much of the spay/neuter information that is available to the public is unbalanced and contains claims that are exaggerated or unsupported by evidence. Rather than helping to educate pet
owners, much of it has contributed to common misunderstandings about the health risks and benefits associated of spay/neuter in dogs.








The Best Age to Spay or Neuter your Dog:

Male Dogs :
Early neutering is a controversial topic. A few uncontrolled studies have shown a link with early neuters (before 14 months of age) and some forms of cancer and joint problems. Both the joint problems and the cancers that they have linked are relatively common in large-boned dogs, so the challenge is to prove whether the early neuter actually caused an increase in the incidence. There have been no studies that prove this so far.
On the other hand, there have been several good studies done to look at different potential complications from early neutering (as early as 6 weeks of age) that have found no adverse effects other than slightly longer legs and less "masculine" muscle development. These pro-early neuter studies were not carried out long enough to evaluate the risk of cancer.
dogs neutered under 6 months develop less obesity and don’t establish some of the “male” behaviors that neutering is meant to treat. They are also less likely to jump a fence, fight, or get hit by a car. With no true proof of the risk of increased cancer--and the very real risk of bad behaviors or even physical injury from running away or fighting--I am letting my clients make their own decisions based on a debatable risk of cancer vs. the very real behavioral risks.


Female Dogs :
Spaying females before 6 months is less controversial than neutering; preventing the first heat nearly eliminates the risk of breast cancer which is much more common than bone cancer.
Ideally, your dog should be altered before the first heat cycle. This normally occurs between five and six months of age.




NOW WHAT SHOULD I DO ?

Well First as a vet and second as a pet owner I highly recommend you to Spay or neuter your dog because of unwanted puppies. Please note that there is many dogs in shelters waiting for someone to adopt them and if no one volunteer to adopt them, they will be euthanized. Hence if you really like these lovely creatures get them spayed or neutered.



.

Related terms: desexed, fixed, altered
Intact = not spayed or neutered, the animal has reproductive organs capable of producing offspring.
Bitch = intact female dog
Dog = intact male dog
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References :
  1. Laura J. Sanborn, M.S. , Larry S. Katz, PhD : Long-Term Health Risks and Benefits Associated with Spay / Neuter in Dogs
  2. Sherry Weaver DVM : cesarsway.com


Compelete Information on Spaying or Neutering Dogs

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