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List of Most Common Cat / Feline Diseases and Symptoms

List of Most Common Cat / Feline Diseases and Symptoms - Cat Articles

List of Most Common Cat / Feline Diseases and Symptoms : Cat Articles; " src="http://www.vetarena.com/gallery/image-1031.s.jpg" /> Here is a list of most common diseases and their signs which may help cat owners to narrow down the type of illnesses that their pets experience. Many diseases are difficult to diagnose because the symptoms overlap with other diseases. These charts provide general information, but they ... List of Most Common Cat / Feline Diseases and Symptoms


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List of Most Common Cat / Feline Diseases and Symptoms

List of Most Common Cat / Feline Diseases and Symptoms

List of Most Common Cat / Feline Diseases and Symptoms Here is a list of most common diseases and their signs which may help cat owners to narrow down the type of illnesses that their pets experience. Many diseases are difficult to diagnose because the symptoms overlap with other diseases. These charts provide general information, but they are not intended to be a substitute for professional veterinary care.

Metabolic Diseases

Metabolic diseases are those that occur in the organs or affect body function. The following is a list of diseases and symptoms that affect a feline's metabolic system.
Disease Symptoms Treatment Prognosis
Acral Lick Dermatitis Excessive licking and chewing; bald, raised lesions on the ankles or feet Physical restraint to prevent licking; antibiotics and topical medications; psychotropic drugs Guarded, depending on if the cause can be found and effectively treated
Cholangiohepatitis (Liver Disease) Anorexia and weight loss; vomiting and diarrhea; jaundice (seen in the whites of the cat's eyes) IV fluids and nutritional support; long-term antibiotic treatment Poor without early and aggressive treatment
Diabetes Mellitus Increase in urination and thirst; rapid weight loss; change in gait Insulin therapy and special diet Normal life span if treated; animal will die if not treated.
Kidney Disease Increased thirst; rapid weight loss; loss of appetite; bad breath Various medications, fluids and a specific diet Normal life span if treated; life-threatening if not treated because the kidneys will completely shut down.
Lower Urinary Tract Disease Painful and frequent urination; urinating outside of litter box; blood in urine Various medications Normal life span if treated; potentially life-threatening if not treated
Feline Asthma Chronic and persistent wheezing, coughing and noisy breathing; weight loss and inactivity; some animals exhibit abnormally hunched posture. Oral steroids and/or cat inhalers Normal life span if treated
Hepatic Lipidosis (Liver Disease) Anorexia and drooling; ultrasound may reveal an enlarged liver Early fluid replacement and nutritional support; special diet 85 percent survival rate if cat survives initial treatment
Hyperthyroidism Weight loss, vomiting, increased hunger; irritable, nervous; neglecting grooming Anti-thyroid drug; possible surgery and use of radioactive iodine. Normal life span if treated
Cancer Tumors on the surface of the skin, breast tissue lumps and abdominal lumps; vomiting, distended abdomen, diarrhea, weight loss and lethargy Chemotherapy and/or surgery; various medications. Shortened life span; life-threatening if not treated
Vestibular Disease Also known as dizzy kitty disease; head tilts to the side, eyes move back and forth rapidly; animal has difficulty standing May require hospitalization and sedation; fluids and antibiotics Non-life threatening; with treatment, the symptoms usually subside within a few days to several weeks.
Hypoglycemia Low energy and listless; occasional seizures or falling over and appearing comatose; most often seen in kittens Feed Karo syrup or honey; improved diet required Normal life span if treated; animals will respond somewhat quickly to the administration of sugar.
Pancreatitis Loss of appetite and dehydration; rapid breathing; drop below normal body temperature IV fluid and electrolyte monitoring; pain control; liquid nutrition via IV or feeding tube Fair if cat survives; may become chronic condition that requires dietary changes
Periodontal Disease Bad breath and bleeding gums; pawing at the mouth; drooling and loss of appetite Teeth cleaning and root planing; surgery or tooth removal; antibiotics Normal life span with proper tooth care


Infectious Diseases

Infectious diseases are those that can be transmitted from one cat to another. A virus, fungus, parasite or bacteria may cause an infectious disease. The following is a list of cat diseases and symptoms that are infectious, some of which may be prevented through vaccinations.
Disease Symptoms Treatment Prognosis
Cat Flu Runny eyes and nose; coughing and sneezing; fever Supportive care, including fluid therapy; antibiotics to prevent secondary bacterial infections Fair, if supportive measures are started early
Cat Scratch Disease Fever and lethargy; muscle aches; swollen lymph nodes Resolves on its own Normal life span
Demodectic Mange Skin lesions and crusty patches; hair loss on head, face and neck Lime-sulfur dips; oral ivermectin; may resolve spontaneously Normal life span, but may become chronic and require continued treatment
Upper Respiratory Disease Runny nose and eyes; sneezing and fever; loss of appetite and depression IV fluids may be given through an IV; lysine may be prescribed Normal life span if treated; potentially life-threatening; may be prevented with vaccination
Ringworm Hair loss; red and scaly skin, usually in a circular shaped area Topical antifungal medication and/or lime sulfur dips Normal life span if treated
Alopecia Hair loss and hair that won't grow back Various medications depending upon condition Normal life span if treated
Scabies Itching and hair loss, which usually starts at the back of the neck; will then spread to the face, stomach and legs; thickening and wrinkling skin with yellow crusts. Sedation so the cat can be bathed; lime sulfur dip; repeat every week for 6-8 weeks Normal life span if treated
Panleukopenia (Feline Distemper) Vomiting, diarrhea, fever, seizures and nasal discharge Treatment varies: IV fluids, antibiotics and Vitamin B Potentially life-threatening, especially to kittens; prevented with vaccination
Feline Leukemia Weight loss and fever; loss of appetite and weakness Nutritional support; antibiotics to treat secondary infections Normal life span when following a preventative care program; vaccinations for kittens, although not 100 percent effective; 80 percent mortality rate in unvaccinated animals
Feline Infectious Peritonitis (FIP) Fever, lethargy and weight loss; effusive FIP causes fluid build up in the chest or abdomen which leads to breathing problems; non-effusive form causes lesions on internal organs Includes administering prednisone, recombinant feline interferon, and pentoxifylline, but none are are completely effective Poor; usually fatal
Feline Immunodeficiency Virus Weight loss, fever, loss of appetite, weakness and swollen lymph nodes Treatment varies. Good nutrition and antibiotics required to treat secondary infections Normal life span when following a preventative care program; vaccines may be given, although they aren't 100 percent effective.
Rabies Furious form produces extreme behavioral changes; paralytic form produces lack of coordination and eventual paralysis; may display symptoms of both forms If vaccinated, quarantined and monitored for 10 days Fatal unless vaccinated against rabies
Toxoplasmosis Tremors and uncoordinated gait; lethargy and shortness of breath; jaundice IV fluids, antibiotics, regular monitoring Usually fatal in kittens and cats with compromised immune systems


List of Most Common Cat / Feline Diseases and Symptoms

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